FAQs about crows

These are short answers to some of the more common questions I get asked.  Please feel free to suggest additional questions in the comments section.

Crow Biology

  1. What is the difference between a crow and a raven?
  2. How long do crows live?
  3. Can crows really talk?  Do you have to fork their tongue?
  4. What hunts crows?
  5. Are crows monogamous?
  6. How do crows mate?
  7. How can you sex crows?
  8. Why are crows sometimes white?

Crow Behavior

  1. Why do I see large groups of crows flying over my house every evening?
  2. Do crows ever kill each other? why?
  3. Do crows collect shiny objects?
  4. Why do crows gather around their dead?

Crows and Humans

  1. I found a dead crow in my yard, how do I get rid of it without upsetting the crows?
  2. Can I get West Nile virus from touching a crow?
  3. Is it legal to keep pet crows?
  4. Are crows protected/Is it legal to kill or hunt crows?
  5. Why was I just attacked by a crow?
  6. How can I get rid of crows from my yard?
  7. I enjoy feeding crows, what kind of food should I offer them?
  8. I’ve found an orphaned crow, what should I do?
  9. Do crows ever bring people gifts? Can they be trained to bring money?

Crow Biology

1) What is the difference between a crow and a raven?   While crows and ravens are in the same family, corvidae, and look quite similar, they are as different from one another as lions and tigers.

Crow (left) raven (right)

Crow (left) raven (right)

If you’re not used to seeing ravens, the best way to tell them apart is if you’re at higher elevation or in a more rural or coastal area and find yourself thinking “that’s the biggest #$%^&*# crow I’ve ever seen!”, you’re probably looking at a raven.  More scientifically, ravens have diamond shaped tails in flight, deeper almost croak-like voices and are about 2.5x as big as a crow.

2) How long do crows live?  Once they reach sexual maturity (around 3-4 years) they are tough to take out and can live to about 20 years old.  In captivity they can live twice as long.

4) Can crows really talk?  Do you have to fork their tongue?  Yes they can be trained to talk, and no you don’t have to mutilate them to do it!

5) What hunts crows?  Red-tailed hawks, owls, raccoons and cats will all gladly take down an adult crow if given the opportunity.

7) Are crows monogamous?  To answer this question I’ll take a page from The Savage Lovecaste’s Dan Savage and describe them as “monogamish.”  More scientifically, we describe them as being socially monogamous but genetically promiscuous.  This means they generally stay with one partner for life, but genetic analyses indicate that males only father about 80% of their offspring.  You can learn more by checking out this post on crow families.

9) How do crows mate?  Like most birds, crows do not have an external penis (ducks are a notable exception).  Not only do they not have a penis, but they only have one opening for all things related to reproduction and waste elimination called the cloaca.  Crow sex consists simply of a pair rubbing their cloacas together for about 3-10 seconds during which time the sperm are transferred from the male to the female.

10) How can you sex crows?  Assuming you’re not a trained veterinarian or have access to blood sampling/analysis tools, you can’t by just visuals alone.  Males tend to be bigger but that’s not reliable enough to go off.  If you’re patient, it will become very evident once the breeding season rolls around and one starts spending most of its time on the nest.  Females also produce a sex-specific “knock” call.

11) Why are crows sometimes white?  There are many reasons.  Check out this post for more information.

Crow Behavior

1)Why do I see large groups of crows flying over my house every evening?  Like many other species of birds, crows and ravens engage in what’s called communal roosting.  This is where groups of both kin and unrelated individuals flock to a particular location for, in part, the security of safety in numbers while they sleep.  Crows can gather in the tens, even hundreds of thousands when they do this.  Although roosting locations may change periodically, for the most part the crows you’re seeing are heading to the same roosting spot every night.

2) Do crows ever kill each other? Why? Yes, crows do kill other crows.  Crows fight with each other a lot, both within their family groups and outside of them, though when it’s with family it’s usually not as serious. With crows outside their family they may be fighting to defend mates, food, or territory boundaries. If a particular fight ends up deadly it might be because one of the participants was much weaker and just couldn’t take the assault, or misjudged something and got killed “accidentally”. Or, as Kevin McGowen suggested, maybe the bird was already injured or sick and the healthy crows saw what was basically a walking lure for a predator and tried to off it so it didn’t attract dangers to them.  John Marzluff also discusses this behavior in his book In the Company of Crows and Ravens if you want to read other accounts.

3) Do crows collect shiny objects?  There is no evidence that crows keep collections of inedible objects (shiny or otherwise).  This myth probably originated from pet crows, who are often attracted to objects of obvious value to their owners like coins and keys.   This is a different behavior, however, than “gift giving” which does sometimes include shiny objects.
UPDATE: New research shows that New Caledonian crows keep their favorite stick tools cached in “toolboxes” so it appears that at least some species of crows do cache certain kinds of inedible objects!

4) Why do crows gather around their dead?  The death of a crow is a “teachable moment” that other crows use to learn that the place and responsible party is dangerous.  You can read more about this behavior here.

Crows and Humans

1) I found a dead crow in my yard, how do I get rid of it without upsetting the crows?  Wait till dark and remove the body while the crows are away roosting.

2) Can I get West Nile virus from touching a crow?  There is no evidence of WNV transmission directly between crows and people according to the CDC.  That being said, it’s always a good idea to handle any animal (alive or dead) with gloves.

3) Is it legal to keep pet crows?  Not without a permit-see below.

4) Are crows protected/Is it legal to kill or hunt crows?  As of 1972, crows are protected under the migratory bird act.  This means that it is illegal to “take (gov speak for kill), possess, import, export, transport, sell, purchase, barter, or offer for sale…the parts, nests, or eggs…except under the terms of a valid permit issued pursuant to Federal regulations.”  For a more detailed explanation on the legality of hunting or killing crows, check out a previous blog post on the Portland crow poisoning.

5) Why was I just attacked by a crow while walking down the street? If it’s summer, you were unknowingly too close to a nest or fledged kid.  If it happened once, it will probably continue to happen in that area for a couple of weeks so, if you can, steer clear.  Otherwise, maintain eye contact with the parents, crows are less likely to dive bomb the front of your body than the back.

6) How can I get rid of crows from my yard?  First off, I urge you to reconsider.  Yes they can be noisy, and get into things, and cause mischief.  But I assure you, you will not find another urban animal so charismatic, so intelligent and so accessible to explore avian behavior, cognition and biology.  However, if you’re dead-set on the idea…you’re still mostly out of luck.  You can hang a dead crow from a tree but that’s about it.  Remember: poisons and ammo will hurt not only the crows you’re targeting but also the other wildlife you may be trying to attract.  Also, killing them without a license in most places is very ILLEGAL.  My advice is to open yourself to the idea of actually liking crows and get to the know the family, because it is a distinct family, that will stay with you for years if you allow.

7) I enjoy feeding crows, what kind of food should I offer them? Dried pet food is among their favorite but a cheaper option is whole unshelled peanuts.  They also love eggs, tater tots, meat scraps and other nuts.

8) I’ve found an orphaned crow, what should I do?  The first step is to identify if the bird you’ve found is actually orphaned and/or has prematurely fallen out of the nest.  The young of lots of birds, including jays and crows, may look helpless and orphaned but are actually in the care of their parents and are much less likely to survive if you interfere and take them away.  This flow chart will help you navigate the situation and explains, if necessary, how to temporarily house a bird until it can be taken to a care center.  Remember, unless you are a licensed rehabber it’s illegal to try and keep orphaned animals.

9) Do crows ever bring people gifts?  Yes, corvids have been known to bring people various objects in a manner that appears to be intentional.  The most notorious example of this might be Gabi Mann, the little girl in Seattle who made headlines after receiving dozens of gifts from her neighborhood crows.  Feeding crows is not guaranteed to lead to gifts, however, as many a dedicated (and disappointed) crow feeder will tell you.   What causes the initial act of gift giving remains mysterious, but my best guess is that it’s a happy accident immediately reinforced with reward, thus leading to a mutually enjoyable habit.  If you’re looking to make a profit off this behavior, however, I recommend checking out this post.

237 responses to “FAQs about crows

  1. Sieglinde K Smith

    My neighbors and I are noticing the occasional grey feather or two, on our crows this year. It doesn’t look like disease, but we are wondering what it might be – perhaps just genetics playing with the beautiful blue-black plumage?

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  3. Thea

    Nice text , thank you for all the info! I have a question, hopefully you can answer it. We found a crow few months ago and not knowing exactly what to do, we kept him at home and took care. He is now about 6 months old and was used to fly a bit inside the house, but for the rest his life with us was in a big cage. We heard lots of stories about how they get busy and hard to handle, so we had decided from the begin to let him go someday. We didn’t want to bring to a shelter because all his family is living on the other side of the street, among jackdaws and magpies. We kept throwing them nuts everyday, just to don’t loose contact an hoping that they could accept our little crow back.
    Today we just let him go, and after flying around in the backyard for about an hour he just left and didn’t come back. He flew beautifully for a bird who was used to fly only inside the house. He even took a little flight following a magpie who came along. Before going away, some other magpies and crows came along to get food from the backyard and a few of the crows were watching him closely for about 10 minutes. Is this a good sign? Could it be that he’s accepted back by his family? The other crows didn’t attack him. Do you think he has a good chance to survive? Thank you in advance.

    • Hi Thea, well your question is a tricky one. In general, survival outcomes for handraised crows are bad. This is for a variety of reasons but the main ones are that they often lack necessary skills they would typically learn from their parents and they are often so friendly towards people that they are killed by assholes. That it wasn’t immediately attacked is obviously good, but I can’t say whether that means its family recognized it or not. It’s been a while since you initially posted this, what have you observed?

      • Thea Drenth Barros

        Thank you for your reply. Things actually turned better than we expected. We think he is accepted by his old family back, and probably flying on the surrounds of our house. Jake didnt come back after being free – not even to say hello, and we are happy because this could mean he is getting wild again. We did keep an eye on the surrounds for dead crows – we were afraid that he got get caught by one of the (including our) cats from the block. Happily we found nothing. Now I still keep feeding the crows from the street twice a day with nuts – I give just a bit so they dont become dependent on this source of food. On the days after setting him free – I am not sure, but think one of the crows that came to get the nuts was him – he had hurt his feet before on the cage and was not walking that well on that time. I did see a crow walking a bit more carefully than the others and also not flying that well, a bit clumsy. Mostly when I give them nuts I come back to inside the house and watch them picking the nuts from my window – I have a very good sight from there without disturbing them. I think one of them could be him. For the rest I still see lots of young crows flying in pairs, sometimes groups of 4 or 5, playing and teasing each other – he could be one of them. I guess we just got right on time giving him his freedom back. He was not older than 6 months and this makes all a little easier. Anyways, Im still happy for not having found any dead crows on the surrounds. Regards, Thea

  4. Ann

    thanks for the great info. I love my yard crows, they are such great birds. I feed them regularly, and while they and I keep our distance they really do like to hang around and keep me entertained all the time. They will follow us for a ways on our walks through the neighborhood flying above us from tree to tree or a pole. And when we arrive from being away from home, they fly in over us as we drive down our street. We enjoy them, and I’m pretty sure they have brought their family here many a time for meals. There are a few hundred in the roost, and about once a year they all gather and make quite the ruckus..we assume it might be mating time. They do molt their feathers, and leave them for me in the yard. Thanks again, Crows are truly wonderful.

  5. Julie

    My mom lives in Sudbury Ontario and has a family of crows that visit her everyday. They trust her and she loves them. She is worried about feeding them and upsetting and migratory patterns. Is this possible? Thanks!

    • Hi Julie, crows in northern climates typically leave due to temperature, not lack of food. Her feeding them will not influence their migratory patters, but it could be attracting crows from outside her area depending on how much she’s feeding, which isn’t great for other wildlife. If it’s limited to a single family (meaning a handful or so of food a day) she should have nothing to worry about from a biological perspective though.

  6. Sieglinde K Smith

    Thanks for asking a question that has been on my mind. The answer reassures me.

  7. Mo

    Hello all, I want to, need to , understand my crows. I want to talk back. I want to learn and understand. I know that crow’s are the most intelligent, probably more so than some humans (sorry but), they have come to me for years, they feed, they talk, they gurgle to me, I want to understand. When I walk my woods, they follow, protect, when I leave my land they are always on my path, once, when someone was to do me harm – they came from nowhere, maybe 50-100, couldn’t count, and they chased that person – really chased, I am sure they knew, they felt, and acted to protect…I laughed, I was so happy. And then I understood. They try to talk to me. One comes, caws and caws till I come out, then gurgles, and gurgles and I gurgle back, trying to learn. I live in the woods with all of the animals, deer, fox, blue heron, raccoons, moose, skunk and whatever – their land not mine. I try to compost 🙂 doesn’t work so well, feast time for the animals. No-one is allowed to hunt or hurt, it’s a safe zone so to say close by to a winter deer refuge and along the riverside – perfect for them. And the crows. Can you refer me to someone who can teach me to talk crow? I’m serious, thank you. Maureen

  8. Darwin Su

    HI! I was wondering if you had any advice on crow grudges and how i can work on getting them as friends. In June I walked under the nest and panicked but crossed the street. later when they fly by my house in the morning they always sit on the powerlines and make a lot of noise EVERY DAY. They aren’t dive bombing at me but this has been going on for 4 months already! I don’t know how to handle it.

    • Hi Darwin. Ok first I just want to feel out how unusual this behavior is. What kind of environment do you live in? Are you in a city, or out in the suburbs? Can you describe the noise? Is it ruckus crow calling, or harsh scolding with lots of tail flicking?

  9. Candee Thompson

    Very informative article – thanks! I live in South Africa on a private nature reserve that is home to an abundance of small bird species, but (since 2005) I have never seen any crows. In June of this year we were hit by widespread and devastating wildfires that destroyed every inch of vegetation as well as 12 of the 18 houses. As one of the few people who didn’t lose their home, I took to feeding the wild birds – survivor guilt that turned into a passion!. Since then, a pair of pied crows has taken up residence. They have built a nest in a nearby electricity pylon and they spend a large amount of their day ‘cruising’ my house. I think they are magnificent birds, but I am concerned that they will attack the nests of smaller birds – I currently have nests all over my house- and I don’t want them to harm the chicks. Are they likely to predate on others’ nests, and if so, is there something that I can do to prevent it?

    • Hi Candee! First off, I’m so sorry to hear about the devastation your community experienced due to the fires. I’m glad your home was safe and hope your neighbors had resources to help them survive such a terrible disaster.

      As for your crows, I don’t want to pretend to be an expert of pied crows. That said, I can make some educated guesses. Yes they will depredate on the other birds nests. That’s what most corvids do. That’s what near most every kind of wildlife does (yes, even the vegetarians.) It’s only a problem if you’re attracting more crows to your yard than your neighborhood can sustain, and if you’re making it too easy for them to find nests but not providing any natural cover (think of the well manicured western style yard.) If you have appropriate vegetation though, and you’re just feeding a single nesting pair, then any predation they may inflict would be ecologically appropriate. Hope that helps!

  10. Ruby

    I was in the garden walking back to the house today when i noticed in the corner of my eye. Something black shot by my left. I looked up and saw a crow flying away. It was quiet apart from its wings flapping. Why would a crow pass by so close?

    I know the crow is local as i hear them every few days and see them on my street. I go out in to the garden to feed my fish everyday and if they’re observant, they probably know this. I didn’t feel threatened by the crow, just a little surprised.

    And for some odd reason, my mum has noticed that the crows make noises nearly every time she goes into the garden. However it never happens to me.

    Any comments on the behavior I’ve observed?

  11. Terra

    I have a group of four crows at my work and I regularly throw peanuts out for them. Yesterday I was walking through the parking lot and something hit the back of my head, when I looked up there was a crow flying directly above me. This has happened four other times and none of my coworkers have experienced it. I know they are very smart and can recognize people but any thoughts on why they are doing this? Are they maybe just trying to get my attention for a snack?

    • It’s happened to me too. You’ve hit the nail on the head, some birds are just more snack demanding than others. I would discourage this behavior as much as you can, even if it means you need to stop feeding them. That kind of thing is exactly the what gets anti-crow people extremely angry and leads to headlines like “over-fed crows attacking innocent people in xyz business park.” Crows like all animals respond to operant conditioning. If you retrain them that aggressive behavior never leads to food rewards they will cut it out. Only reward good behavior.

    • wendy robertson

      I have had this happen to me with small twigs And its to get my attention because the crow that drops the twig is on the border of pair of crows territory, The crow cant caw to me to let me know its there without the other crows hearing so gets my attention this way.

  12. Jon Acosta

    Do Crows travel from flock to flock?

    • Jon Acosta

      I should have lead with a huge Thank You for all of this information! I’m currently writing a novel in which all of the characters are Crows, and your website has been so helpful!

    • Tell me a little more about your question, if you can. Do you mean individual crows or mated pairs? Do you mean during the day or in the large flocks in the morning and evening heading to/from the roost? If you can give me the context of how you want to bring this up in the book I can be more helpful!

      • Hello, I have a question about a podcast I am producing, it is the same one that Jon Acosta posted. You have asked for more details. Let’s say the crow is an individual crow. Does it change flocks, or just stay with the same flock its entire life?

      • Hi Ethan. The short version of this story is yes, we consider crows as engaging in fission-fusion social system meaning a system where the size and composition of the group changes through time and space. But i think it’s worth clarifying that some of the time adult crows aren’t hanging out with other crows at all. Here’s the information I think you’re after. Young, first year crows move around a lot, particularly females. Those female birds are going to settle down far for their natal territory and will inevitable mingle with lots of different birds on their way to finding a mate. Males on the other hand generally stay close to their natal territory but on a day to day basis are hanging out with rotating groups of other young crows. Fast forward to adulthood. Now you have a pair of crows that, during the breeding season, are trying their best to keep other adult crows the hell away from them. They’re not joining flocks at this time. Unmated adult crows are hanging out in those rotating floater groups though. During the non-breeding season mated pair will join up with over groups, particularly at centralized food bonanzas (McDonalds) but again these groups rotate around somewhat. Does that help?

  13. Sharon Griffith

    Last yr had crow hanging on my screen
    Door picking at plastic
    Handle. Why would he do that?

  14. while walking my dog, came across a hurt crow on the ground. there was always 2-3 others hanging out with him in the trees. next couple of days brought a little food and water and left by the tree. one day, a neighbor dog followed us and ran back to the crow as we left to eat the food I had left; before following us again. I skipped a day not wanting to go over to the bird as neighbor dog was with us again. the next day found the crow dead near the tree. didn’t touch it or move it just looked at it and continued walk with my dog. that’s when I noticed a crow was following us. cawing. Every day when we passed the soccer field where the dead crow was a crow would fly along and follow us for blocks. landing on a light pole until we passed it and would fly and land to the next one. cawing. For at least two solid weeks maybe more it did this. only one crow. if we came from another direction heading back home and pass the soccer field it would follow us home in till we went inside then leave right away. sometimes a second one would join if we were heading the short distance home down the street. Was this crow blaming us for the death of it’s buddy? All I can think of they associated the neighbor’s dog with us, though he looks very different from my dog and they would have only seen him the one time. He didn’t mess with the hurt crow that I saw. We were never followed before or when we left stuff only after the death. any ideas why it would follow us for so long afterwards.

    • Hi Kelly, while I can’t say for sure, it certainly sounds like that’s what happened. If your dog went up to the crow at all it’s within the realm of possibility that they would have learned your faces and scold you moving forward. On the other hand it sounds like it was a pretty fleeting interaction. I suspect that the intensity with which crows learn and scold people is somewhat personality based. Meaning some birds are going to cast a wider net than others. It’s possible you crossed paths with one of those wide-net birds. They’ll move on with time.

  15. wendy robertson

    Hi i have a question.. If a crow that has become used to humans and trusts certain humans, lives in the trees surrounding these particular humans, if this bird about 18 months old joined nearby roost and within a week its behaviour towards humans change and would it become cautious even scared of the humans it once classed as friends or could this be another crow altogether.?

    • Hi Wendy! It’s much more likely that this is a different bird. At that age most crows are going to be fairly transient (in the winter especially) so it’s not unusual that a bird you’d seen a lot of is suddenly MIA.

  16. Julie

    I noticed a crow in my yard where they quite frequently visit due to us throwing scraps to them almost daily. This crow has a hurt or broken foot. Today I noticed 3 other crows violently attacking him. I tried to capture him because it is minus 9 here today and surely he will die. I had pet crows when I was young, so have a very soft spot for them. Why are they attacking him/her ?

    • Hi Julie, it’s not unusual to see crows attack or kill injured crows. We don’t really know why they do that but it might be that they’re trying to make it less of an attractant/target for predators or they’re just taking an opportunity to eliminate a competitor.

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  19. Josh

    Hi! I love reading about my feathered friends. I live in British Columbia currently and began feeding two crows several years ago at work on my walks. I just keep some unsalted roasted peanuts in the shell with me that they like to cache.

    In the fall/winter their number now swells to sometimes 100 that pass through at certain times of the day which I suspect is large groups of them going to roost at night. If you ever want to astound some people, walk around a corner with 100 crows at your back following you!

    I even had the chance to care for one overnight that was dazed. I had the intention of taking him to a rehabber in the morning but he seemed just fine and joined the flock waiting for him back at work instead. He/she made a sort of high pitched clucking noise to me here and there until I released and now several do. I’m not sure what that call means?

    They are incredibly smart and wonderful creatures who know my vehicle and will spot me regardless of what I am wearing and follow me on wing and foot during walks. In the spring/summer during nesting it goes back down to 2-4 I will see in the area.

    I thought I’d write to share some humor. I occasionally feed two crows at my house. This past summer I was out working in the garden when I heard repeated meowing. No cat was in sight but I was being watched by a crow. I finally caught him in the act too. A crow that meows! I wouldn’t have believed it if I hadn’t seen it.

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  21. Carolyn

    I have a family of 5 crows that come everyday about the same time. I throw out food for them, breads and crackers, peanuts I also give them the food from my African gray parrot that they waste. I don’t see them at the time of putting food out so I call them by saying come eat Mr Crow then they appear shortly after. So I was wondering how far the are away that they can hear me.
    We really enjoy watching them along with the other birds.

    • Hmmm, I don’t have a good measurement for this unfortunately. I know their vision is more acute than their hearing, however. I’ll see if I can find out!

    • Spam Collector

      I also feed them meat and, sometimes, leftover dinner. It’s all cut small for easy swallowing or into strips so they can stand on one end and rip it up. They have preferences. My crows threatened dire consequences to the family vehicle if I *ever* try to feed them potatoes again. Does anyone have any ideas about how to make plain puffed rice (generic unsweetened) tasty for my crows? When I offered it to them plain and in a bowl, they scattered it hoping for “the good stuff” at the bottom. I don’t want to use peanut butter or honey because I’m afraid it’ll stick in their throat or to their beak.


  22. sanaullah

    hi my name is sanullah. i am from peshawar,pakistan. i am first year medical student. i want to ask u that i am observing death of crows . everyday i saw almost 6 7 crows lay died in “peshawar University” and nearby places. one day i tried to investigate so i watched some crows which were going to die. what i observed is that they sat in sunlight for 3 4 hours static and then eventually they die.. so kindly anyone tell me what would be the reason for this.. is it due to weather,food or anything else.

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