Help, I’ve found a baby crow!

You’re walking down the sidewalk when suddenly you notice a waddling little mass of black feathers trying awkwardly to hide under a bush or car.  When you begin to approach the young crow, it simply stares up at you or perhaps continues on its poorly planned waddle down the sidewalk or worse, into traffic. Clearly this baby crow cannot fly and has a habit of making bad decisions.  Your instinct (and perhaps the opportunity to interact with a baby animal) are tempting you to intervene and “save” this young crow who seems ill prepared to be out of the nest.  What should you do?

Does this baby scrub jay need to be taken to a rehab facility?

This baby scrub jay was found running around the grounds of an apartment complex.  Should it be taken to the rehab facility?

The answer, almost always, is to ignore your instincts and good intentions.  I’ve had many friends and colleagues who are either licensed wildlife rehabbers or who spent summers volunteering with their local rehab facilities, that can attest to the dozens of animals that get brought in during the spring and summer by well intentioned folks who assumed that simply finding such a vulnerable baby meant it needed help.  In many of these cases, these animals did not need help and now they’ve been separated from their parents or mother and stand a much lower chance of surviving once they’re released from the rehab facility.  So how do you avoid making the same error?

First, understand that corvid babies very often leave the nest before they are completely flighted (usually by about 7-10 days).   Evolution has taught them that it’s better to be flightless but still mobile on the ground than trapped in the nest where they stand no chance of escape, should they be located by a predator.  During this time they are still in the care of their parents who will continue to feed and defend them.  So finding a flightless baby crow or jay is totally normal between late May and July.  Perhaps it would be helpful to gently herd the fledgling away from traffic and under the safety of a bush but, outside of that, most baby corvids do not need your help and are better off (less stressed) if you give them a wide girth. The baby jay in the above picture was captured so it could be color-banded, and then was released under a bush where its parents quickly attended to it.

Simply knowing this piece of corvid biology will lay to rest the concerns for most situations you may find yourself in this summer.  For babies that are naked, are bleeding or have drooping wings, or are within reach of a dog or cat, etc., the following flow chart is excellent and will help navigate the situation (I’ve thrown in the mammal one too just for fun).

Help, I’ve found a baby bird
Help, I’ve found a baby mammal

The main thing to remember is; as long as the baby is mostly feathered and being attended by its parents, it’s just where it needs to be.  Only if it’s trapped in a storm drain, naked, injured, cornered by a cat, or after several hours has not been visited by its parents is it appropriate to intervene.  Even in most of those cases, simply creating a makeshift nest out of a basket and securing it to a tree, or placing the baby in a bush and leaving the area, is much better than taking it away to a facility.  So use your best judgment this summer and remember; if you feel your situation is unique and has not been addressed by the flow charts provided, give a rehab facility a call and let them help you decide if an animal needs to be removed before you make the mistake of taking babies away from their parents.

IMG_2453

A recently fledged juvenile waits for mom or dad to return with food.

30 Comments

Filed under Crow behavior, Crow life history

30 responses to “Help, I’ve found a baby crow!

  1. Another great blog post with fascinating info. Thanks, Kaeli.

  2. Christian

    Yes, and that’s a very good advice, I completely agree.

    My carrion crow pair, alas, seems to have lost their offspring… that means, they were both down on the ground today for about 6 hours, no activity at their nest, no sign of a baby. 8 days ago they were very busy up there on their treetop where they had built a solid home. Makes me feel rather sad – to say the least.
    Kaeli, do you think they might take a second chance this summer?
    This place has quite a lot of traffic (humans, dogs, bicycles, noise etc.) and I had a bad feeling about their choice to settle right next to my 3-years-site from the start. It’s my 4th summer season in succession… don’t know what happened since my last visit (May 20). Thank you, anyway – love your blog!

    • Christian, I think it’s highly probable that they will give it another go. I too have been there, wondering why on earth a pair would choose such a horrible place to nest and thinking it’s unlikely their offspring will survive. It’s always a bummer, but hawks, owls and scavengers need to eat too! Life in nature is never wasted unless we bag it up and put it in a landfill. Hopefully though, this next time around they will be more selective in choosing a location!

      • Christian

        Kaeli, I’m sorry for being a bit late now. Have been back again at my site on June 1st for 6 hours and the overall situation has remained unchanged. Fed the pair as usual – peanuts in the shell, walnuts, hard boiled eggs, dry dog food and even small balls of fresh steak tartare, a small dish of water(!)). Again they both were on the ground simultaneously, no action at the nest as it had been before. Heard no baby crow calls at all.
        => Many thanks for giving me some hope that they might try a second breeding attempt. 🙂

        — The crows also like small slices of cheese, but I stopped offering cheese at this crucial time of the year because of the birds’ lactose intolerance.
        — I “hide” their favorite morsels into plastic boxes… those with these clips they have to pick at to get the tidbits. First, they have to turn the box upside down, then put a foot or whole weight on the box and finally pick at the clip to open the box. They accomplish this task in a very regular way… while the dogs around here are also interested in these boxes… they scent the meat inside but can’t open them – so the dogs’ owners have no reason to complain. Last year the pair of crows here apparently tried to teach their one and only young how to handle the boxes, step by step… one of the most amazing things I’ve ever seen in wild life. Could have been the start of a culture. ; -) Unfortunately, this was the last time I’ve seen that juvenile.
        — I don’t mind the natural predators; they just do what they have to do. No grudge.

        Cheers, Christian

      • Definitely sounds like you witnessed some awesome social learning and, indeed, perhaps the first steps of some new cultural knowledge. So glad you were lucky enough to see and appreciate the cleverness of crows through your insightful “tests”. Keep learning and sharing!

  3. My campus has at least four groups of hooded crows, but they’re outnumbered by feral cats. The cats prowl hungrily at peoples’ feet, and the crows tend to avoid being on ground level. I offer daily food to the crows nearest to my department, and play some feeding games with them. “My” crows are keener if I put most of the snacks on low branches, handrails, pillars, or other objects that the cats (watching!) cannot reach. If I point to the food items, I have the impression that the crows follow my gestures. They rarely miss any morsel.

    Since the start of May, I’ve noticed a few young crows appearing in local trees. My regular group of crows had two youngsters. When I pass their garden (in recent days) the newest crows beg and flap their wings (facing the adults). I lay out some mushy cheese, which both adults gather and shove into the babies’ beaks. Previously, the adults ate meat and junk-food snacks, but now they grab the cheese preferentially. Perhaps it’s better food for babies? The youngsters are feathered but act wobbly. Their feathers are shiny; not pollution-stained like the adults’.

    Temperatures can reach 40°C when a wind blows from the desert rather than the sea. The week before last, there were two heatwave days when I met distressed, unsupervised babies from neighbouring crow families, in different areas of campus. Each time, I fed or watered the (begging) baby and then left it on site. I assumed — consistent with your advice — that the parents would be somewhere nearby. OTOH, I don’t really know what finally happened to those crows, after I quietened and left them. I feel a bit guilty; I probably should have stayed and done more.

    I could describe those encounters in more detail, but I’m more worried by something recent. Today “my” regular departmental crows seem to have lost one of their two offspring. Only one fledgling yelled when I passed their garden this morning, and the parents were only feeding this one. Normally, I can locate both youngsters by hearing their cries and watching where the parents fly. At dusk, again, there was only one young crow between the parents.

    The parents aren’t acting angry or aggrieved. They’re as friendly towards me as usual. They ignore the passing streams of undergrad students.

    Do hooded crows ever intentionally *dump* one baby? The missing young crow was fit enough to fly from tree to tree within this particular garden. If it has been abandoned, how long could it survive unfed? I’m listening and watching out for a vulnerable bird, but it would need to be lucky to evade the cats.

    • I’ve never heard of crows “dumping” kids as you suggest, though if there’s one thing I know it’s never say never when it comes to crows. The much more likely case, however, is that the youngster died either by the hands of a predator (probably those cats) or its own naivete. The majority of baby crows won’t survive their first year, so if your pair manages to keep this last kid alive through the summer they’re doing very well. Watching parents lose kids is the tough price of admission we pay to know a family of crows well!

      • Curtis, I did some more digging and I found that crows are among the birds that with throw nestlings out of the nest if times are tough, but I couldn’t find anything for abandoning fledglings. Just wanted to share the update.

      • Kaeli, many thanks for the information and perspective. Maybe I won’t see this fledgling again. I’ll check the ground in the gardens a few more times, just in case. Not optimistic. :-/

      • I found the missing fledgling. This evening, I played the usual game of distributing cheese in the garden for the two adult crows to collect. I saw one adult detouring away onto a rooftop, where an old air-conditioning unit keeps dripping a puddle of water. Adult crow dipped a carried blob of cheese in the water, swished it, then fed the soaked bits to a begging fledgling.

        At the same time, the other fledgling was begging from a branch above my head, and receiving untreated cheese from the other parent. Two safe fledglings.

        The cheese-puddle routine was repeated a few times. One time, rather than beak-to-beak feeding, the parent just stood over the wet cheese till the youngster picked it up unaided. I took a few photos of this activity. It was amusing to watch a bird using an inanimate structure to alter / prepare food.

  4. One of the fledgling hooded crows I’ve fed for a couple of months seems hurt today.

    The parents called out repeatedly when I arrived at the feeding place, near my department. Baby came walking slowly across the carpark. Not flying. Baby would not fly up onto the platforms where I laid food (above the feral cats’ reach). I threw morsels onto the ground instead. I looked closer at the youngster, and saw there are bare pink patches without scales, on both legs. One toe is missing a claw. When not moving, the fledgling stands on one foot, with the other foot lifted off the ground. Parents seem to be trying to call their offspring up into the trees, but the youngster stays grounded, and eventually wanders into dense scrub where I cannot follow.

    I’m afraid that there might have been a misadventure with a cat. Should I try to catch the hurt crow for nursing and attention? Should I catch it and put it up onto a flat roof where there are no cats? The bird is limping asymmetrically, but disappeared into the bush before I could (half-heartedly) attempt a capture. I might go back out for another look.

    Just yesterday, this little crow was hopping nimbly and playfully on a fence just a metre from me, waiting for me to dish out treats.

    Am I overreacting? Is it possible that this is just a natural condition, and that scales moult off the feet occasionally? Is it a nutritional problem? To date, I’ve mainly given cheese and turkey to the crows.

    • Oh Curtis, I’m sorry to hear about your family’s fledgling! From what you describe it does sound like it’s been injured. As far as what to do that’s really up to you. Personally, and I know this is a very unfavorable opinion amongst most crow lovers, I choose not to interfere in these cases. It sounds harsh, but I would rather let a kid die in the care of its parents than survive isolated in a box at some facility or home. It’s not that I have anything against people who legally obtain pet or educational crows, it’s just that there are far too many crow babies that are needlessly taken from their parents by over zealous, well intentioned people and I don’t want to contribute to those numbers. So I err on the side of being overly optimistic that the kid will survive. I think your suggestion of at least putting it out of harms (i.e cats) way and giving it the opportunity to recover in safety is a great compromise. If you do decide to capture the little guy, I strongly urge you to take it to a professional rehabber. Stress in birds, especially baby birds, is incredibly nuanced and I would defer to the experts of others to provide care. I’m sorry you’ve found yourself with this dilemma, it’s no fun to watch “your” family of crows lose their babies 😦

      • Kaeli, thanks. I’m trying to establish an alternative feeding area on an human-accessible, flat, tiled rooftop, 5 levels above the cats. The adult crows have watched me lay food there, but the fledgling hasn’t come yet.

        If I find the fledgling in the garden, weakened enough to be /gently/ picked up, I’ll wash the wounds with disinfectant, visit a vet, or at least carry the fledgling onto the roof. The youngster is free, and still follows me (slowly) on the ground, expecting feeding and caching games, but darts quickly out of reach whenever I offer a hand or arm. I won’t try anything deceptive or rough to catch this crow. As long as the bird remains fast enough to dodge an offered hand, I guess that’s a good sign of stability.

        Summary of recent encounters:

        * Within an hour after your reply (late afternoon), I searched the garden and saw the fledgling sitting on one foot, alone, on a pole 30cm above ground. Not a safe tree. Youngster recognised me, hopped closer, ate thrown/dropped food, and play-cached in the dirt. Slow, but evaded contact. When bored of playing, the little crow wandered off into impenetrable bush.

        * While I was cleaning the feeding area, a large cat charged repeatedly at me, cursing, snarling, ramming my legs. Mad about something. Cat was easier to trick than a crow: in the fuss, I walked to the cliff edge, and shook my attacker off. Cat landed in a lower garden, prowling and yelling up at me. A few seconds after the cat was exiled, both crow parents landed on a fence at my level. I fed them. Cat wandered away.

        * Feeding at 10:30 yesterday. One adult came, called the other adult over, and I fed them. Over ~30min, they would pause, fly to various sides of the garden and emit their “wah-wah” summoning noise. I believe they were calling the fledgling. Youngster didn’t appear.

        * At 15:00: the parents flew down for another feed when I passed. This time, they were able to call the baby, who flew down from an inaccessible roof. During feeding and caching games, the fledging followed me on the ground, but didn’t fly till finally departing. Drank deeply from a dish of water; swallowed rather more than the parents did. The wounds are still pink; bone is visible at one ankle/knee; one claw is definitely gone. Baby makes eye contact; tracks and gathers thrown food; but hasn’t uttered any sounds since injured (not even flap-begging to the parents).

        * After baby crow flew back up to a high roost, the black beserker cat reappeared below the cliff. The parent crows, in a tree, /screamed/ towards the cat till it departed. They sounded like persistent human screams. I never heard the crows make /that/ noise before. Their heads bob up and down while screaming. That cat isn’t popular.

      • Conclusion. The hurt fledgling seems to be recovering its former liveliness. I’m no longer considering capture. Over the last 3 days, the youngster has been faster than the parents in noticing and greeting me when I approach the garden.

        OTOH, there have been no audible vocalisations, towards the adult crows or towards me. Yesterday, I was met with a fluffy, vigorous, babyish display of open-mouthed flapping-begging: but without sound. Normally this little bird seems louder than an alarm clock, until feeding begins. Can trauma render a crow mute, without affecting other abilities?

        I’ve also been surprised by a new mannerism. A few times while I was busy laying food, the fledgling fixes me with a sideways stare, lifts the most injured (left) foot into the air, and waves like a theatrical plea. Is that too much anthropomorphization? Are crows so sensitive to the human gaze, that they can tell when I’m watching a specific limb? Can a crow guess, without practice, that this signalling can wring a human ally for extra sympathy? Maybe this was just coincidence, but it’s certainly cute enough to succeed.

      • Glad to hear the fledgie is doing well! I’ve never heard of injuries like what you’ve so far described resulting in muteness but then again I’m no veterinarian. As for the foot waving, again I’m afraid I can’t offer much in the area of expertise. Yours is just such a unique circumstance to try and extrapolate out from. As far as I know, there’s been no studies looking at anything in more depth than simply they are (generally) attentive to gaze. I know dogs are sensitive to the more expressive side of our faces, but I’d be surprised if crows (or dogs) were sensitivity to which part of their body we’re looking at. I just can’t imagine how that would come up enough to have evolved, can you? Whereas dogs being sensitive to our facial expressions makes sense in the context of our coevolution. If, however, the waving results in more attention (food) from you, you may have been unknowingly training it to do this little move by reinforcing the behavior with reward every time it does it. Or it could just be resting/stretching its foot before it knows it’s going to put it to use scuttling over to get peanuts from you. I cannot say for certain!

      • Kaeli, thanks again for perspective on the injured fledgling’s habits. Maybe my over-indulgence encouraged the foot gestures. It’s difficult to see all the ways I might be influencing the bird. :-/ I wonder whether crows interpret the intentions of fellow crows, humans, and other animals using the same parts of the brain? Perhaps that isn’t testable.

        Anyhow, the fledgling seems almost adult size. This week, the parents have mostly ignored its (silent) pleas for feeding (at least while I watched). However I did hear one vocalisation yesterday: the youngster spotted me at an irregular time (when I was sneaking out for shopping) and emitted the same cawing noise that the adults use to summon their group together. So, I was partly wrong about muteness.

        Here are 2 cropped photos showing how the fledgling stands with one foot in the air (if the links work). The third photo shows the skinned knee/ankle (which has healed somewhat since the picture was taken).
        https://goo.gl/photos/5toUo2jCXuR14QQc8
        https://goo.gl/photos/HBNFHUXiovj5kSUb9
        https://goo.gl/photos/kuNMfMmBRVzZPYcn9

        Feeding these crows elicits a funny variety of behaviours. The adults (sensibly) prefer food left high above the cats’ reach. The fledgling seems to enjoy fetching morsels that I throw; whereas airborne food scares the adults to retreat. (The photos are from a “fetch/caching” play session with the fledgling.) The crows have individual preferences for meat, cheese, grapes, peanuts, and baked foodstuff. They baffle me every day. Peanuts are accepted, but aren’t as popular as meat scraps. Grapes are either adored and stripped apart, or thrown off the cliff disdainfully. ….

        Apologies for staying off your original blog topic.

      • Knowing what we do about their ability to interpret human pointing, I bet our team could come up with a way to test your question using our PET scanning technique (provided anyone had any time or funding). Anytime to throw into the bank for a rainy day perhaps 🙂 Obviously I can’t predict the future, and most everything is working against the survival of an individual crow, but I will tell you I see LOTS of adults that do just fine with the kind of injured foot and posturing that the little juvie is displaying in the photos so there’s no reason to give up hope. If it’s survived this long between our communications I take that to show that it’s parents are helping it, perhaps they’re just shy to do so around you, or it’s old enough they’re pushing it to independence with a little tough love. As for the grapes in most instances they’re considered a low quality food and are rejected. But, like people, corvids have individual tastes which you’ve clear discovered!

  5. Haley

    Me and my step mom found a little nestling on a tree. He looked stressed and a big storm was coming. We watch him and kept a eye for his parents for halve an hour. With the storm coming and no parent birds we had to take him in. We have been feeding him mushed up dog food soaked in hot water and made a nest for him with a heating pad covered by paper towel and yarn. But there are no rescue centers that accept crows in my area. Any tips to care for him. Also I like this advice and agree with it.

    • Haley, hand rearing crows is not something I’m an expert at so I’ll abstain from giving you shoddy instructions. My advice would be to contact a local (meaning within state I know you said there wasn’t one near) rehab center and talk to an expert. There are also Facebook groups (Crow’s nest rescue is one I can think of) dedicated to this topic so that’s a community that would be happy to help. There’s also a good chance you could find its parents and release it without further care. It certainly sounds like your heart was in the right place Hayley. I wonder though, how did you judge that it looked stressed? How could you tell that the stress was from the storm and not your presence? If the parents had been there would the fledglings situation really been any different? It’s possible the parents buckled down someplace nearby and left the kid in a spot it was comfortable. Just things to think about. Good luck!

  6. Oh my.. I started my crow adventures by rescuing Ellie from a cat. We raised her in our shed with a light bulb and a variety of high protein foods like worms, hamburger and pet food. Not for the weak of heart to say the least. She was no ordinary crow baby I know now. She had pin feathers and had been blown out of the tree weeks before ready and yes a cat thought she was tasty looking.
    The best part is her parents never left the area. They were there every day watching and supervising us. She followed my hubby around and played in the yard sprinkler. She always pooped in one corner of her bin and nest we built… so smart.
    Then one day another crow came and saw her. Within days she left with him/her and that was it. She was gone.
    And a blog was born.

  7. SamsaPDX

    Thank you so much for posting the helpful flow chart. We’re nervously waiting out a grounded fledgling in our back yard, trying to leave it alone and survive without the use of our back yard, while also keeping the cats away and making sure the water supply gets replenished in the 100-degree heat. After three days we were worried something was wrong; what a relief to know junior’s still within a normal time frame, and things might work out.

    I don’t think we could bear another crow tragedy; two years ago the neighborhood raccoons did a mob-style hit on our resident crow family’s nest and tore three fledglings to shreds–didn’t even eat them, just left the bodies as a warning. The mourning went on for days, sometimes with thirty or more crows in our tree. I think they’ve earned a happy ending this year.

  8. Helen P

    Thank you so much for this incredibly informative article. I found a baby (pretty well feathered) crow last evening and brought it to my secluded patio on my cat tree where, I thought, it would die in piece. This morning, it had obviously tried to get out of the cat tree and was found shivering and shaking in the mud, barely conscious. I put it in my bathroom, in a box, on a pet heating pad. A couple hours of heat did wonders and I again brought him/her outside to my patio, hoping the parents would find their baby (I know crows are crazy smart). Checking this afternoon, I had prepared myself for a baby crow funeral only to find a very vocal baby wanting to be fed and that’s how I found your article. I have now put Baby’s shoe box on top of a tall bush (we have TON’S of feral cats and when I went out about 20 minutes ago, I got quite the scolding from the parents. I can hear them as I write this, warning anyone away (unfortunately the bush IS on a walkway, but any others are too small or short). Fingers are crossed that this baby will make it. The parents are working overtime in the protection department!

  9. Can’t say I’m convinced your advice is relevant in an urban environment- where the mayority of us lives. i just found a jackdaw that took off and flew right into a lightpole and then bounced off into a window. It was 1:00 am, kiktty rush hour just started and a busy road didn’t help either. No adult seen or heard- this is no novelty find btw. Not the situation to leave a stunned youngster in, whether it’s a bird or a human teenager on his way home from the pub.
    So, much to the dismay of my pug his walk was shortened to bring the bird to safety. To make matters worse for my buddy, that awfull screeching black monster is having a sleepover in His dog bicycle trailer, getting attention from His boss and eating His food. Nothing is sacred anymore!
    Actually I found out just now it’s a crow, and all he accepts is water from a syringe.

    I let it rest and in the morning he didn’t take off, so it took him to the bird shelter. They’ll feed him with syringe, he’s got company.
    I could be screwed myself, a couple of crows nesting in the neighborhood already took offense of me walking the dog on the central reservation they claim. I don’t think they witnessed the crownapping but word travels fast;
    Kaaa-Kaaa.

    • Hi Basterix, I can’t speak to things like Rooks and Jackdaws (though I would be surprised if it’s much different) because I am less familiar with their population growth in urban areas. I can assure you though that, with respect to American crows, this information is just as relevant in the urban core as it is in suburbia. Yes the anthropogenic dangers are numerous, but dispute these our crow populations are thriving. I’ve seen pairs successfully raise young from a nest built over a freeway. If there was evidence they were in decline I would be more inclined to agree but as their populations are only growing it’s not something we should worry about. That said there’s no reason to not make common sense steps to making urban living safer for all birds (and more attractive to predatory species). And I always support placing a window stunned bird in a box under a bush. I don’t think we need to be subsidizing their population growth but at the same time there’s no need to doom individuals to death if simple and minimally invasive steps can be taken instead. It’s all about balance and I recognize that “the right thing to do” is being more obtuse in the athroposcene.

  10. dan l

    Fledgling crow in my yard. It walks around but doesn’t attempt to use its wings. My cats are locked up for now, but they are very outdoor cats and will get crazy soon. The parent crows are around and often harass me if I get near. They have been harassing the cats for several weeks. Clearly the nest is nearby.
    If I hadn’t seen the fledgling I would have let the cats out and they would have dispatched it quickly. Is there anything I can do, such as putting the fledgling on my roof so the cats can’t get to it?

    • Hi Dan, thanks for your question. Please don’t put it on your roof, it will just hop off and will likely injure itself coming down. You could try moving it to another part of your yard (maybe the front?) but really if you want to protect this, and other young wildlife, you need to just make your cats suck it up, so to speak, or monitor them while they’re outside. I know people can get really heated when it comes to keeping cats indoors, or making changes to how much free range their pets have. But it’s really in everyone’s best interests, so I urge you to at least entertain the option, at least for the next month or so. It will make them crazy for a bit and then they mellow out. We transitioned our rescued stray to mostly indoor/only monitored outside time, and she’s perfectly happy. Like I said, I’m not trying to rustle your feathers or put you on the defense-as seems inevitable when the topic of outside kitties comes up. I’m just being honest. Unless you’re willing to change how much unrestricted access your kitties have to the outdoors, you’ll just need to accept they’ll be killing wildlife. Best,

  11. Pingback: Crow curiosities: Why was I attacked by a crow? | Corvid Research

  12. Hi I’m 12 my name is Crystal and I found a baby crow. Sadly I picked it up instead of leaving it outside and now I have a crow to take care of all he drinks is water from this droplet thingy and peep. But he seems big enough to fly around a bit and has feathers he is definitely a crow.he also doesn’t need warmth when he sleeps but tends to peep all day. Help.me.

    • Hi Crystal! If you google “wildlife rehab” and the name of your city, you’ll be able to find folks that are much better suited to helping you right now. Just find the closest facility and give them a call. They will be happy to walk you through what you need to do to help this baby crow. Good luck!

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